What is Dementia?


What is it?

Dementia is an overall term for a range of conditions, it isn’t a specific disease. Alzheimers disease is just one type. Dementia is not a normal stage of aging, it occurs when the brain becomes affected by a disease.

Click here to view a short video put together by the Alzheimer’s society.


Dementia can affect everyone differently and has a wide range of symptoms. These symptoms may get worse over time as dementia is progressive.

  • Memory
  • Thinking
  • Concentration
  • Language
  • Confusion
  • Perceptions
  • Change in mood/emotions
  • Change in behaviour

Types of dementia

There are over 100 types of dementia with the moist common being Alzheimer’s disease and vascular dementia and a combination of both known as mixed dementia. The less common types of dementia include dementia with lewy bodies and frontotemporal dementia. For more information on the different types of dementia please click below:

‘What is Alzheimer’s disease?’
‘What is vascular dementia?’
‘What is dementia with lewy bodies?’
‘What is frontotemporal dementia? ‘

Why do we get it?

The answer to this question is that scientists don’t know, however there are four key contributing factors that play a part; Aging, genes, health and lifestyle. There are over 80,000 people living with dementia in the UK, with 1 in 4 over the age of 65 and 1 in 6 over the age of 80 years old.

For advice and guidance please see the Alzheimer’s society website www.alzheimers.org.uk